# Python max function for "list"

Hi everyone,

I am learning about " list"

j=[‘1’, ‘12’, ‘KOO’, ‘LOO’]

If we do :

>>> max (j)
‘LOO’

How is max being determined above?  I know it is a dumb example but I am just curious what Python thinks it is larger  value in the list .

Thanks

Welcome to the Github Community Forum.

It’s a little tricky to understand it but the reason is because order in a list of string is given by the lexicographical order, if you open a dictionary you will understand this concept very well. For example take this list of string:

``````j = ['1', '11', '234', 'a']
``````

the max element of this is a and the minimum element is 1 , this because 1<a and 234<a.

You can try add some more element and change the order to this list:

``````j = ['a', 'bz', 'z', 'zzzz', '\$', '11', '234']
``````

Here the minimum element is \$ and the maximum is zzzz.

You can see the exact order using the sort method:

``````j = ['a', 'bz', 'z', 'zzzz', '\$', '11', '234']
print(sort(j))
``````

the output will be:

``````['\$', '11', '234', 'a', 'bz', 'z', 'zzzz']
``````

To be precise i give some more example:

``````bed > animal
zap > bed
animal > 123456789
123456789 > \$
WOO > LOO
LOO > KOO
KOO > 12
LOO > 1
``````

Hope this help

-Gabriele-

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Good explanation. Minor typo in the last example I think:

``````LOO > WOO
``````

should be:

``````LOO < WOO
``````
2 Likes

Yes @fire-eggs you’re right, I wanted to mention the example of @zeeshannetwork but I miswrote. I’m going to edit and add that on the list.

Thank you

1 Like